This earthquake was very similar to the one in Christchurch. The earthquake occurred more than five months after the September 4, 2010 earthquake of a 7.1 magnitude (in which no one died), and is considered to be an aftershock. The first and easiest solution to moderate risks is to make sure that newly erected buildings adhere to newly passed, stringent earthquake-proofing guidelines. Another thing the government is doing, and something that is much harder to implement, is to make sure that all older buildings adhere to the same requirements. Christchurch’s resilience journey. However, when you stop to think about it, the answer to this enigma is simple. Earthquake Preparedness in Christchurch, New Zealand, https://www.gns.cri.nz/Home/Learning/Science-Topics/Earthquakes, http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2011/02/new-zealand-earthquakes-linked,-say-experts/, http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-13, Teaching Sustainability in an Interdisciplinary First-Year Seminar, Strengthening Geoscience Competency for HBCU Pre-Service Teachers Workshop, Pan-African Approaches to Teaching Geoscience, Putting Sustainability into Action workshop, Teaching about Soils as a Critical Resource: Materials and Activities for your Classroom, Expanding the Impact of InTeGrate Projects, Program-Scale InTeGrate Materials for 2YCs, Coastal Hazards, Risk, and Environmental Justice, Broadening Access to the Earth and Environmental Sciences, Engineering, Sustainability, and the Geosciences, Teaching Environmental Justice: Interdisciplinary Approaches, Geoscience and the 21st Century Workforce, Programs that Bring Together Geoscience and Sustainability, Systems, Society, Sustainability and the Geosciences, Adapting InTeGrate Modules for Biology Courses and Online Courses, Addressing Critical Issues in Your Community: Examples for Introductory Courses, Addressing Earthquake Hazards with Lidar, GPS, and InSAR in Upper-level Undergraduate Courses, Addressing Energy Sources and their Impact on the Environment, Addressing Landslide Hazards in Introductory Undergraduate Courses, Addressing Water Resources and Sustainability in Upper-level Undergraduate Courses, Assessing the Impact of InTeGrate Materials in Introductory Environmental Science and Botany Courses, Communicating Science to a Broad Audience: Social Media for You and Your Students, Connecting Earth Science and Sustainability to Teach the NGSS, Connecting Science to Issues of Justice in your Course, Context Diversity: A New Paradigm for Equity and Inclusion in Higher Education, Core Competencies for Sustainability Education Programs, Critical Zone Science: A transdisciplinary approach to environmental science, Designing Activities for Effective Online Teaching, Developing Graduate Students Teaching Capacity with InTeGrate Teaching Materials, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Earth and Environmental Sciences: Supporting the Success of All Students, Earth Education for a Sustainable Future: Supporting departments and programs through InTeGrate, Earth Education for Sustainable Societies, Engaging Environmental Justice in Geoscience Courses, Exploring ways to make the InTeGrate Mineral Resources module your own, Fostering Systems Thinking in Your Students, Helping your department or program to survive and thrive in the changing world of higher education, Improving Climate Literacy Through your Undergraduate Course, Incorporating Environmental Data-Driven Inquiry and Exploration in Your Course, Integrating Earth Literacy with Societal Issues, Integrating Energy, Earth and Environmental Education, Integrating GPS, SfM, and TLS into geoscience field courses, Integrating Hazards and Societal Impact into Your Course, Interdisciplinary Teaching and Sustainability, Interdisciplinary Teaching: Building Sustainability into your Non-Science Class, Introduction to InTeGrate: How to incorporate the classroom materials into your courses, Introductory Integrate-rich Physical Geology course, Lessons Learned from InTeGrate’s Materials Development Program and What Remains Undone, Moving sustainability forward through community partnerships, collaborative initiatives, and earth advocacy, Pathways to performance expectations using InTeGrate materials, Preparing Your Students for Environmental Careers, Students as Bridges between Disciplines and Across Campus for Sustainability, Supporting All Students Through Active Learning, Sustainable Solutions to Societal Issues AGU 2017, Sustainable solutions to societal issues: Teaching Earth literacy across the undergraduate curriculum, Sustaining Your Interdisciplinary Environmental and Sustainability Program: Opportunities and Resources, Teaching about the Critical Zone and the Changing Biosphere, Teaching Nanoscience in the Earth and Environmental Sciences, Teaching Sustainability and Environmental Justice in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Teaching the Impacts of Human Carbon Emissions on the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Economy, The Importance of Diversity and Equity in Supporting the Whole Student, Transforming Teacher Preparation to Teach for Sustainability, Understanding the Earth System and Key Societal Issues: High school teachers, Understanding the Earth System and Key Societal Issues: K-8 teachers, Using Data to Teach About Societally Important Questions, Using InTeGrate Materials in K-8 Teacher Preparation, Working with Diverse Students on Societally Relevant Geoscience Issues, Short URL: https://serc.carleton.edu/82144. Report: Christchurch shifts from concrete to steel in post-earthquake rebuild A hospital being constructed with a ductile moment resisting steel frame on top of base isolators. The team study how earthquakes have interacted in the past to forecast what is likely to happen in the future, while also considering the unique geology and tectonic processes specific to New Zealand. Brendon has been in Christchurch for the past decade and he says his ‘professional career has been shaped by the earthquakes”, from the 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch quakes to the 2016 Kaikōura quake. Afternoons were the worst. As an earthquake engineer the quakes provided opportunities close to home to study the mechanisms and aftermath of large earthquakes. Within New Zealand, the September 2010 earthquake and its aftershocks are thus also known as the Canterbury earthquakes. However, prior to the two seismic events in September 2010 and February 2011, Canterbury Plains likely had not experienced a major earthquake in thousands of years. In considering the earthquake hazard in Christchurch it is useful to apply the law of precedence: the past is the best indicator of the future. When we returned to New Zealand over a decade later in 2018, we were curious to see how the city had changed. Earthquake monitoring in New Zealand is undertaken by GNS Science’s GeoNet Project which provides a broad-based, around-the-clock monitoring system and a modern data management centre.. Why do we monitor earthquakes? The resulting deaths numbered 185 on that particular day – 60 less than the national record. When you compare the two quakes, however, whereas 1 in 100 people died in Napier only 1 in 2000 died in Christchurch, and this is thanks solely to the advancements in earthquake-proof architecture. In 2010 and 2011, Christchurch experienced a series of earthquakes, which included an aftershock that produced the highest peak ground accelerations on record. The deadliest earthquake in New Zealand’s history was in 1931 in Napier and resulted in the deaths of 256 people. There are numerous other strategies that have been proposed and put into action since the last two big earthquakes in New Zealand – too many to list and explain here. Two, the quake was comparatively shallow (the aftershock struck only about 2.5 miles in depth below the city, whereas the September 2010 temblor originated about 25 miles outside of the city and was approximately 6.2 miles deep). For one, the proximity of the epicenter to the downtown area limited the amount of energy the quake dissipated before reaching Christchurch. Christchurch was understandably unprepared for activity on a fault that was previously unidentified. Show terms of use for text on this page », Show terms of use for media on this page », Learn more about Citing, Reusing and Adapting Christchurch rents went up on average $130 per week or $6,500 a year, between 2011 and 2014.This rent increase amounted to nearly 10% of median household income in the region. Comparably, 300 lives are lost through traffic accidents each year, and around 120 through drowning. For one, the proximity of the epicenter to the downtown area limited the amount of energy the quake dissipated before reaching Christchurch. In fact, scientists did not even know there was a geologic fault there until the September 2010 earthquake. Every year there are 15,000 of the things rattling around in the basement of the earth under NZ – with about 150 of them being felt (that’s one every three days). Since then, Christchurch has been preparing itself against future earthquakes and forging ahead to transform the place into a smart city that is built around resiliency. Additional factors exacerbated the damage of the February 2011 earthquake. Creative Commons license unless otherwise noted below. Minimize your movements to a few steps to a nearby safe place. It is fighting the challenges like climate change by making the city a test bed for technological innovation. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. This therefore provides essential opportunities for learning from practice and preparing for the future. ... 9 earthquakes to hit Christchurch on December 23, 2011. All in all, lessons have certainly be learned. There are a variety geologic features that we can use. This is one of the briefs for the Cities for our Future Challenge, which if part of our 150th anniversary celebrations. All in all, this decade the bill for all the earthquake damage in the country will be roughly $50 billion NZD. This has been done by the NZ government, and is obviously a pragmatic step. A lot of it. Earthquake survival kits. Another reason that casualties are fairly low is due to the lack of enormous buildings that suffer damage and then fall down – subsequently crushing people as they go down – and that is thanks to the fantastic improvement in building standards that have taken place in the country over the past century or so. To provide warning of any future seismic activity so that appropriate steps can be taken to reduce the risk to lives and property. Earthquakes will cost New Zealand close to $50 billion in both public and private sector costs this decade, of which the Government’s share is about $20 billion - $18 billion for Christchurch and $2 billion for Kaikoura. Third, liquefaction was much more extensive than in the September 2010 earthquake, with the shaking turning water-saturated layers of sand and silt beneath the surface into sludge, burying properties and streets in thick layers of silt, and wrecking the foundations of homes. Additional factors exacerbated the damage of the February 2011 earthquake. Time-lapse visualisation of today's earthquakes in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. In a word: very. There’s another price that is paid, too, of course, and that’s a financial one. New Zealand was once dubbed The Shaky Isles due to it being one of the most seismically active countries in the world. As this small island nation picks up the pieces from the 6.3-magnitude earthquake that walloped its second-largest city, Christchurch, leaving scores dead … The magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2011 was a similar surprise; scientists didn’t even know there was a fault in the region until a much less damaging magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred in September 2010. It is obviously important to consider what this recent earthquake means for Christchurch's seismic future. Research has shown there have been about eight major seismic events, potentially subduction earthquakes, along the Hikurangi stretch over the past 7000 years — … It’s called ENGAGE and I think it is an essential tool which those who are leading the Greater Christchurch 2050 should adopt as a process. The main thing we do is look for evidence of active faulting. InTeGrate materials for your classroom. If you are indoors, you should drop, cover, and hold—drop to the ground, find cover under a table or other sturdy piece of … The aftermath of the Christchurch earthquake, photo via nhne-pulse.org This is because it sits plum on the Pacific Ring of Fire – unsurprisingly a volatile area. Material on this page is offered under a Earthquakes of this size typically result from fault ruptures about five to seven kilometres long, with up to about a meter of seismic slip. 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