They include descendants of Babylonian Jews and Mountain Jews from modern Iraq, Morocco, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Syria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iran, Uzbekistan, the Caucasus, Kurdistan, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Yemen. [69], It is estimated that in the Middle East around 900,000 people, perhaps more, profess Buddhism as their religion. Many came due to the migration of Indians and Nepalese expatriates and employees to the oil-rich states around the Persian Gulf. Syrian Orthodox number about 1 million in Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon, with the great majority being in Syria. These Sunni groups often dissent through violence targeted at government, Western or non-Muslims that threat the Muslim nation, Shiites, and sometimes generally directed against moral corruption. The Middle East supports three major religions; Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Muscat has two Hindu temples. What religion is dominant in the Middle East?? Buddhist adherents make up just over 0.3% of the total population of the Middle East. IU Southeast Instructor: Clint Franklin. First, the first religion found in this region, Judaism. Middle Eastern culture is different from American culture and some people are not culturally aware so they do not understand Middle Eastern culture, therefore, people judge off of what they know. The Islamic Revolution replaced an old-world monarchy with a theocracy based on the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist (Velayat-e Faqih) where a Shia cleric (faqih) is the ruler, though there are also competitive elections of candidates approved by another clerical body. This episode focuses on the primary religions found in the Middle East and Africa. [citation needed] In addition, 50% of the Parliament is represented by Christian Members, according to the law in Lebanon since the end of the war until today. The word 'pagan' is a Christian designation from the French meaning a 'rustic,' one who came from the rural … Sunni is the largest branch of Islam and dominates most countries in the Middle East. The Armenians in the Middle East number around 350,000-400,000[12] and are mostly concentrated in Iran, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine, although well-established communities exist in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and other countries of the area. The Middle East is perceived as predominantly “Islamic” due to the Muslim majority of the region’s population, but large numbers of non-Muslims reside there, and pre-Islamic influences remain significant. [76], Religion in Jordan is represented by 92% Muslim (Sunni), 6% Christian (mostly Greek Orthodox), and 2% other. [61] Today, there are estimated to be under 20,000 Zoroastrians in Iran. Resurrection. [68] Devji states there is "a new movement of atheists in countries such as Saudi Arabia ... which takes the form of secret societies", meeting "in internet chat rooms and unnamed physical locations, like the mystics of old". SO, …. In the Middle East, support for suicide bombing is highest in the Palestinian territories, where 46% of Muslims say that it is often or sometimes justified in order to defend Islam. Answer this question. the two largest religions in the world: Christianity and Islam, plus Judaism) originated in the Middle East. They are referred to as Muslims. [55] According to most encyclopedias, in the early 21st century there are an estimated 6 to 8 million Baháʼís across the world. The largest Christian group in the Middle East is the originally Coptic-speaking, but now Arabic-speaking Coptic Orthodox Christian population. 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