Several pear varieties are well adapted to the Edmonton climate. Black currants (Ribes nigrum), red currants (Ribes rubrum), and white currants (a hybrid) are all very reliable producers in the Edmonton area. Due to its spreading nature, it is best to plant stinging nettle in a confined area. There is one variety of blackberry (‘Doyle thornless blackberry’) that is reputedly able to handle our Zone 3 winters with some protection. Applecrabs are a cross between apples and crabapples and are generally larger and sweeter than crabapples. Roots can be roasted and eaten or brewed as a coffee substitute. For a detailed description of fruit varieties hardy for the prairies, check out Sprout U-Pick Apples Farms. Any place that is regularly cleared is potentially loaded with weeds such as dandelion, chickweed, plantain, wild onion, violets, wood sorrel, henbit, clover, dead-nettle and sow thistle — all of which are 100% edible. Edible Flowers of the Prairies - Tasty florals, tips on petal selection and recipes. There are two species that produce somewhat edible fruit: Canadian Buffaloberry (Sheperdia Canadensis) and Silver Buffaloberry (Sheperdia argentia). Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies ... 5.0 out of 5 stars Awesome book with a lot of information relevant to Alberta… ‘Fall Red’, ‘Goodland’, ‘Honeycrisp’, or ‘Wealthy’) to have a supply of fresh apples for the longest time possible. There is no comparing the wonderful flavour of homegrown strawberries to the chemically-fed, commercially produced varieties that travel thousands of kilometers to our store shelves. Plums also require two compatible cultivars for cross-pollination. It includes all of the major plant, tree, shrub, etc. Summer-bearing varieties bear fruit on second-year canes called “floricanes”. There are many other unusual and rare fruit trees making their way to North America. Most of these plants have been listed in other sections above owing to their importance as edible species. ‘Goodman’, ‘Rescue’, ‘Rosybrook’, and ‘Trailman’ are good eating varieties. Salad Burnet’s plump leaves have a slightly nutty and cucumber taste that works very well in salads, soups, herb vinegars and as an alternative coleslaw. Regular chives and garlic chives (Allium tuberosum) are snipped and added to eggs, stir fries, soups, and salads whenever and onion or garlic flavour is desired. edible and medicinal plant species, link to the Plants for a Future database. Service Tree (Sorbus domestica) is a European species of Mountain Ash that features pear or apple shaped reddish and yellow fruit with the taste and texture of “spiced pears”. Fresh leaves are used in salads and dried leaves can be used to season chicken, fish and vegetables. Mints are used in salads, soups, with lamb, and in vegetable dishes. Tarragon has a strong but sweet anise like flavour that is most often used in seasoning meats. ‘Norda’, ‘Harcourt’, ‘Brookland’, ‘September Ruby’) and one late-season producer (i.e. See more ideas about edibles weed, herbalism, medicinal herbs. In smaller spaces, apples trees can also be trained along a wall or a fence-line in an “espalier” for a beautiful and productive effect. An easy to grow, long living perennial that adds an interesting “spiky” texture to the garden and a splash of purple colour when in bloom. There are two major types of parsley: curled parsley and Italian (flat-leaved) parsley. Goji Berries are another of the newest varieties of berries to choose from. Great for use in salads, soups, stews, and anywhere else that celery is used. Plants which produce edible leaves are probably the most numerous of all plant foods. Most thymes, including Thymus pulegioides are low growing and make resiliant and very fragrant ground covers. The peppery aroma of summer sage makes it very popular in the seasoning of beans, chicken, fish and in soups and sauces. With some exceptions, most of these plants are perennial which means once given a suitable location within the landscape, they will keep on producing food for harvest for many years. Hyssop is best as a tea when mixed with spearmint or lemon balm. Sandra described a number of locally found plants, their culinary potential, and uses for health and wellness. Vines ; Everything from flowers to grapes to the incredible hardy, vigorous and every so tasty hardy kiwis! *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. My favorite is the blueberry and they are actually native to northern Alberta. The plant is part of the mustard family, which also includes radishes, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and, mustard. There are three types of blueberries that will grow in the Edmonton area: lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium), highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum), and a hybrid cross of highbush and lowbush. Be sure the plants … The young leaves of chicory can be added to salads or cooked up like a chard. Young flowering shoots can be harvested and eaten like asparagus and tender young leaves can either be added to salads or cook as a pot herb in stews. Edible plants in Alberta 2:11 This story was originally published on June 27. Stay Warm with Our Holiday Playlist, 5 Family-Friendly Winter Activities to Do in Your Yard, The Safest, Easiest Way to Hang Christmas Lights, From Our Perspective: Why We Love What We Do, Why 2021 is the Year to Upgrade Your Landscape. Mature plants will reach over 5 meters in height. The greens are highly nutritional and best harvested for salads when young. Highbush cranberry is native to Alberta and produces abundant edible, though somewhat astringent, fruit. Leaves. While many species are not edible, others offer a tart flesh that is high enjoyed by many. What to Look For: Sponge-like holes and ridges in hollow black, white or … leaves are suitable as a potherb. Young leaves are used in salads or can be blanched and eaten like spinach. Asparagus is rich in vitamins B and C and calcium and iron. Wild, Plant, Forage, Foraging, Edible, Alberta, Native, Outdoors, Survival, Hiking, Nature, Botany. At least one male plant is required for every six female plants. Dec 6, 2015 - Explore Amy Thorn Porchamour's board "Medicinal and edible weeds in Alberta" on Pinterest. Perennial herbs are the safest choice for edible landscaping. ‘Galaxy’, ‘Meteor’, and ‘Montmorency’ are other sour cherries worth considering. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. While apricots are marginally hardy in our climate, these varieties, ‘Prairie Gold’, ‘Westcot’, ‘Scout’, and ‘Brookcot’ can survive our winters with some protection. Because it its growth habit is matt-like, it works well as a gound cover. The tree is hardy to zone 3, grows to 20 feet in height producing apricot sized fruits that taste. Native to the prairies, the Riverbank grape (Vitis riparia) is very hardy but produces little fruit. Both are hardy, drought resistant and very attractive in the urban landscape. The can be eaten like potatoes, added raw to salads or cooked up in stir fries. Very attractive to bees. Cilantro readily self-seeds and several plantings can be achieved in one season. Drought and semi-shade tolerant. Similar to oregano but with a more subtle flavour, marjoram is generally used to season meats, cheese, and vegetables. Salad burnet’s plump leaves have a slightly nutty and cucumber taste that works very well in salads, soups, herb vinegars and as an alternative coleslaw. Hyssop is best as a tea when mixed with spearmint or lemon balm. 5:36. Readily self-seeds. Caraway is most commonly grown for the seeds which provide a sharp, spicy taste and fragrance to breads, cheese, and dressings. Crabapples are the more wild relatives of the domesticated apples. Leaves can also be used in soups, stews and salads. This spinach-like plant has deep red veins and is very striking in the garden. In fact, most Canadians don’t even know about these delicious and hardy berries, as they are not widely available in many provinces east of us. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. With a similar taste to angelica, the seeds of anise in particular are often used in cookies, cakes, and breads. Plants may needs some winter protection. Bloody dock is reported to have anti-cancer properties. Will grow over 6 feet tall! seeds can be winnowed, roasted and ground into a flour. This perennial relative of the carrot produces a delicate fern like foliage and delicate white flower umbels. There are several varieties of sweet and sour cherries that will grow well in the Edmonton area. They … Mints are used in salads, soups, with lamb, and in vegetable dishes. Dill grows up to 4 feet tall or more and is best used at the rear of the garden bed. Most commonly a pleasant tasting tea is made from the dried flowers. Canada embarked on its second wave of cannabis legalization, which added edibles, extracts and topicals for recreational consumption to the public, on October 17, 2019. The slender stems and small leaves of this plant give it a very attractive presence in the yard. Yarrows have long been used in teas for their many medicinal effects however some herbalists now recommend limiting their internal use. I have my own favorites, and there are some newer choices out there for the discerning gardener, but the selection of varied species available to us never ceases to amaze me, even if I find there are far too many choices to fit into my own garden plot. It has long been used as a ground cover and can be heavily walked on and mown if desired. Technically Zone 4 but can survive winters with protection. Very productive and spreading plant. Most Gooseberries will grow to about 1 meter in height and width. They can be eaten fresh, pickled or stored for winter use. There are many, many, varieties of apples, crabapples and applecrabs that will grow well in Alberta. Its strong flavour can overpower most dishes so it should be used sparingly with fish and poultry. This member of the Honeysuckle genus, also called “Honeyberry”, or "Haskap" bears large purple, tart berries that are good for fresh eating or for use in juices, jams and syrups and for fresh eating. Edible and Medicinal Wild Plants in Saskatchewan Our April 2017 educational event featured plant and landscape ecologist, Sandra Walker. It also adds a unique flavour to vinegars. June bearing, ever-bearing, and day neutral strawberries all do well in Alberta. Some plants produce edible flowers, which may be added to salads or used to decorate foods. Copyright © 2020 Salisbury Landscaping • 52337 Range Road 232 Brentwood Blvd. These tall bushes also produce a beautiful show of white flowers in the spring. This variety of chamomile, also known as Roman chamomile, is much less invasive than the German chamomiles. Because they flower very early, apricots frequently suffer damage to blossoms from late frosts and are not reliable producers in Alberta. Chicory is a short-lived perennial. Maybe it's their … Several edible weeds have ‘toxic look-alikes.’ Use a reputable foraging guidebook or plant identification app, and take classes or hire a professional guide to teach you. Native to to the prairies, Beebalm is renown for attracting bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. While this is not an exhaustive list, there are over 80 different species included which should provide many options for Alberta landscapes. Such plants include herbs (e.g. Male and female plants are required for fruit production. High bush cranberries are lovely plants and can even be used as a hedge, as they grow so tall. The following list provides a good start for those interested in having a variety of edibles growing in their own yards, communities or public spaces. Check us out here for info on cannabis edibles, and other CBD & THC products. Works well as a hedge plant and will tolerate … In order to avoid the dandelion spreading, mow before flowers go to seed. Sweetberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera caerula edulis). Sandra also discusses poisonous plants… rosemary and mint), which come from the green leafy parts of plants, and spices (e.g. Native edible species are the Wild Black currant (Ribes americanum) and Wild Red Currant (Ribes triste). (Eleaegnus angustifolia var. A familiar favorite, there are many varieties of basil offering a wide pallet of colours and flavour. I won’t be trying these however, as people on blood thinners or diabetics (which I am) can have adverse reactions to them. Although not a true cranberry, these are also native to Alberta and produce wonderful tasting fruit (once cooked … A very familiar herb, no garden should be without it. Usually hardy to the prairies, oregano is sometimes grown as an annual though it can survive our winters particularly if protected with snow or mulch. Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa), and Mongolian Cherry are also very good producers. species of Canada, each with a beautiful colour photo and/or artist's drawing. Sage is most famous for seasoning stuffings and meats but can also be used in breads, cheese, vegetables and to flavour oils. They are also packed with fibre, fat-free and low in calories. Thyme has numerous culinary uses including flavouring seafood, poultry, eggs, vegetables, rice and tomato sauces. Stinging nettle leaves, stems and roots are all edible parts of the plant. Phlox has five petals, Dame’s Rocket has just four. They are often grown as ornamental trees due to their showy spring flowers and their colourful fruit that stays on the tree throughout the winter. It’s Time for You To Enjoy Your Hard Work! Flowers are harvested and dried to make a calming tea, also known to aid digestion. If you have the space, consider one early season producer (i.e. Haskap berries are quite new to the scene in Alberta, yet grow exceeding well in our climate. ‘Martin’, ‘Northline’, and ‘ Smoky’ have an upright shrub-like form while ‘Altaglow’, ‘Honeywood’, ‘Theissen’, and ‘Pembina’ grow more tree-like from a single stem. They identify and taste wild edible berries, leaves and plants near the Sibbald Flats area of southern Alberta… Evans Cherry (Prunus cerasus ‘Evans’) is a very popular, larger sour cherry. Artic raspberry, (Rubus articus ssp. Mature plants will reach over 3 meters while a compact cultivar (Viburnum trilobum compactum) stays closer to 1 meter in height. Buffalo Berry is native to the prairie and Aspen parkland of Alberta. It is also often used to flavour vinegars. Most thymes, including Thymus pulegioides are low growing and make resilient and very fragrant ground covers. One thing is true of all the varieties of blueberries, and that is the fact that they love acidic soil. It's the time of year when many Calgarians go to war with the weeds popping up in otherwise pristine lawns. A striking, tall plant with small umbels of flowers like Queen Anne’s lace. The health benefits from incorporating these berries into your diet seem to be almost endless. It has a mild licorice and parsley-like flavour. This berry has been a staple of native peoples and prairie settlers for generations and their health benefits are many. It is also thought to settle upset stomachs. All walks 6 pm to 8:30 pm June 4 - Nose Hill, (64th st pkng lot NW) June 9 - Edworthy Park (5050 Spruce drive SW) June 16-South … Chervil is used in soups, stews, salads, and in meat and bean dishes. Morchella species. Leaves can also be added to salads, sauces, and stuffing. Originating from Uzbekistan, it is very tough and cold hardy to zone 3. Raspberries generally require little care for the amount of fruit they produce, though the fruit bearing canes need to be removed either in later fall or early spring each year. I was hoping to forage edible flowers only to discover the lovely purple plant … Also known as Himalayan Goji Berry or Wolf Berry, this hardy plants produces clusters of small red fruit that is cooked into soups in some Asian cuisine. Fresh leaves can be used in salads and dried leaves make a delightful tea. Low bush varieties produce small fruit and tolerate Alberta winters well. In addition to its usual uses as a garnish or a seasoning for fish, poultry and in casseroles or stews, it can also be eaten on its own to cleanse the pallet and settle the stomach. Sage does not always survive our winters and needs some additional protection from the cold. Oregano has more recently been shown to have very strong antiseptic properties. Welsh onions are hardy green onions, larger than chives and more onion-like in flavour. Based on their breeding work since the 1940’s, the University of Saskatchewan has recently made available a new series of prairie hardy cherries that produce abundant, large sized fruit that are a cross between sweet and sour cherries in taste. Either on their own or mixed with other herbs, mints make excellent teas. While these may be difficult to find for home cultivation, the following Alberta wild berries also produce edible fruit: Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis), crowberry (Empetrum nigrum),dewberry (Rubus pubescens), and lingon berry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea). Some varieties are reportedly hardy to zone 3 but even those may need protection in our climate. Happy Holidays! Fennel grows to 5 feet tall and has yellow flower umbels similar to dill. Flowers are often used for wine making. Nov. 21, 2020. 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