If she had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those, too. Relationship to parallel major. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. Privacy. So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). This is very similar to the dorian scale, however this time we have a minor 6th note, rather than a major 6th note. We'll be looking at three ways to build the natural minor scale in this guitar lesson. Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. by . A Aeolian mode: the natural minor scale; B Locrian mode: half-diminished scale, to be used over m7b5 chords . Just like the major scale, there is a minor scale formula that you can use to build a minor scale from scratch using whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). The natural minor scale, when compared to other scales with a minor tonality such as the Dorian scale, jazz minor scale and the harmonic minor scale, has a somewhat ‘neutral’ tone. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. Like the major scale, the minor scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. This is the pattern of choice when you want to play a faster lick. A more regular pattern that is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than the previous pattern. Direct: 1-604-855-7605 The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. (For i… A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. If you fancy spicing up your solos, learn this scale! If you want a good performance, you have to write a good part, and one of the things you need to watch is the inter… We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. - Nate Savage, 107-31265 Wheel Ave. Tbh though, in that song, over the E minor in the key of E minor… you can get away with a lot. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. Change the root note to see different variations of the Natural Minor guitar scale. For this reason they are called the relative minor. A harmonic minor scale is a seven note scale with a numeric formula of 1-2-♭ 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1. To turn this C major scale into a C minor scale, we just have to take three notes and lower them by one half-step. Choose a root note (we … The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. The first way is to start with the major scale. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. This is called the scale formula. What is the A minor scale? Once you feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale along to it. Work on getting this new scale shape under your fingers. "I want to help you get started on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for FREE!" The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. guitar chords. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the minor scale. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. Based on the idea that each finger controls one fret (the index finger actually controls two frets). The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. Over the Emin7 chord, theory suggests using E natural minor scale to avoid the natural 7th contained in the harmonic minor scale. Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. Natuaral Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-W-W (2-1-2-2-1-2-2) Minor pentatonic scale = WH-W-W-WH-W (3-2-2-3-2) Blues scale = WH-W-H-H-WH-W (3-2-1-1-3-2) Major pentatonic scale = W-W-WH-W-WH (2 2 3 2 3) Harmonic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-WH-H (2-1-2-2-1-3-2) Melodic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-W-W-H (2-1-2-2-2-2-1) Ionian scale = W-W-H-W-W-W-H (2-2-1-2-2-2-1) If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. Numbers above the note indicate the finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). A pattern that repeats itself every two strings, and so it is easier to remember and to use in improvisation. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. Of course, you should work out the same procedure for all keys as an exercise. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. guitar arpeggios. The major scale formula follows the pattern W, W, H, W, W, W, H. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. The focus of this lesson will be on getting familiar with how the minor scale is made, how it differs from the major scale, and how to apply a simple minor scale shape to a jam track. We will use the A minor scale (A B C D E F G), but you can apply all the following patterns to any other key just by moving them up or down on the fretboard. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. This scale adds a great latin/spanish feel to your guitar solos. Let’s see now how to play the minor scale on the guitar. You proceed the same way with all the other letters. These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. [email protected], Musora Media, Inc. © 2019 -   Terms  /   Choose a root note (we will choose an E) and write it down. For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Learn how to play the C Natural Minor scale with the notes shown on the guitar. In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. A natural minor scale can also be constructed by altering a major scale with accidentals. guitar scales. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. This combination of notes is called the minor scale. Just like the major scale, the natural minor scale is one of the essential scales used on the guitar, and in time it will become an important part of your lead guitar arsenal. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. If you want more lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the Free Guitar Toolbox. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. In melodic composition, the augmented second interval between the sixth and seventh degrees of the harmonic minor scale is considered by many to be … Once we've lowered those notes we're left with a C minor scale. The third letter on the formula is “W”, so now you have to take the note that is 2 frets higher than G, that is A, and write it down. Here we are spanning three full octaves on the guitar. It's a completely free collection of over 50 high-quality lesson videos on the most important guitar topics. We'll be using a C major scale because there are no sharps or flats that you need to worry about. For the application part of this lesson, we'll be using a simple C minor scale shape that starts on the 6th string and only travels one octave. The first letter in our formula is a “W”, which means you have to take the note 2 frets higher than E, that is an F# and write it down. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns . To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - … Building the Minor Scale. The F Minor is relative to Ab Major. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. A scale is a very specific pattern of notes that is used to create the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony. This ‘b’ means to ‘flat the third’ or to lower the 3rd by a half tone. In music theory, we number each note of the scale, going from 1 to 7. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as … The notes that make up guitar scales exist all over the fretboard. The F Minor scale consists of seven notes. Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). Today we have seen how the minor scale is built and some different ways of playing it on the guitar. The notes of the C melodic minor scale ascending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B, C. Yes, C melodic minor over the B7 = B altered scale. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! By Desi Serna . E minor Guitar Scale Get the FREE Beginner Guitar Starter Kit! https://goo.gl/Ts2uU6In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. If you did everything correctly you will find that the E minor scale is E F# G A B C D. This is what you will find: If we compare a C major scale (C D E F G A B) with a C minor scale (C D Eb F G Ab Bb) we notice that the minor scale has the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note lowered by one fret respect to the major scale. Minor Pentatonic Scales The minor pentatonic scale is a five note scale based on the natural minor but without the 2nd and and sixth scale degrees. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. Abbotsford, BC, V2T 6H2 Canada This note will give the name to the scale (“E minor”). Play the notes in the number order shown below. The second letter in our formula is a “H”, so take the note 1 fret higher than F#, that is an G, and write it down. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. This makes it less ‘characterful’ but perhaps more versatile, as it can be used over a greater number of chord progressions in the rock / pop genre. Don't worry too much about being creative right away and just focus on listening to how the minor scale sounds when played over the simple C minor 7 groove. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. Because of this, the key of A minor is called the relative minor of C major.Every major key has a relative minor, which starts on the 6th scale degree or step. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music, The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Toll Free: 1-800-439-8921 The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. Let’s go back to our parent scale, the C major scale (aka C Ionian mode). Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. Minor Jazz Scales – The Harmonic Minor Scale. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … The notes we lower are the 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes in the major scale. In order to build a scale from the intervals of the octave we need a formula. One alternative formula for the minor scale (the first being the W-H-W-W-H-W-W we have seen above) is thus 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; this formula mean: “Take a major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7) and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note by one fret”. There are many more scales for guitar of course, and each of them is used to express different emotions. 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