Reply. The best time to move your peonies … For the most part, transplanting peonies is a job that doesn’t usually need done for 10 to 15 years. Fall is the recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle. –Tree peonies are less hardy and do not require the same low temperature lows. Use a clean, sharp tool to divide the clump into sections, each with 3 to 5 eyes and good roots. Reply. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Gardeners value the peony for its large, colorful flowers in spring and attractive, season-long foliage. This will allow ample sunlight to access the shrub and proper air circulation to prevent fungal diseases that tend to attack peonies during wet springs. Do this in the fall for best results! Plant bare-root peonies so the eyes—the small, red-colored buds along the roots—are 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface, but no deeper than 2 inches. Can I transplant peonies in June or July? The root clumps of garden peonies (Paeonia officinalis) are typically divided and transplanted after the plants go dormant in late summer or early autumn. Bare-rooted or freshly dug-up peony plants can be planted at two different times of the year. Asked July 29, 2016, 4:26 PM EDT. Peonies have been a staple in central Ohio gardens for generations, and for good reason. Tree peonies typically have graft-unions on their roots. Planting them too deeply prevents production of flowers. But since we were moving in late June, it had to be done then. While it is technically possible to transplant them in spring or in summer before they go dormant, transplanting in those times is not recommended and seldom practiced because success is unpredictable and the flowering takes two to three years longer. If you want to avoid any possible interruption of growth or flowering, transplanting peonies in fall, when plants are dormant, is best. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes." M. on Jun 5, 2017. When to Transplant Peonies . When selecting a planting site, choose an area that receives full sun. Place the cutting debris in the compost pile to decompose. However, you may successfully transplant peonies in the spring, though you should be aware that plants moved during this season are not likely to produce the abundant flowers or foliage they've produced in the past—or may take a season or two before they start blooming. Peonies require a fertile, moist soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. Required fields are marked *. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Plant, divide and transplant peonies in early fall for best results, but early spring will suffice as long as the soil is workable. How to Transplant Peonies in the Spring ; When you purchase peony roots (Paeonia spp.) These union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper. Then carefully dig around and under each plant. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. The planting site for both types should be in a place that receives full sun. For peonies, fall is the ideal time to dig up the plants. And, what are … Once planted, monitor the soil and supplement with irrigation when rains are lacking in order to keep the soil evenly moist. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. Wait until the month of September. Peonies will be happy for years without being moved, but if you notice your peonies flowering less, the plants would probably benefit from division. If you must move a mature plant, fall is the time to do it—specifically, when the plant has gone dormant. Transplanting Peonies. If you are planting peonies in a bed that has never before been used for growing perennial plants, amend the soil so it allows your peonies to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn? Transplanting rhubarb becomes a necessity no matter how good the gardener or how nice the garden. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. There are two ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root. You can also tackle moving peonies in early spring before plants sprout (while they’re still dormant). Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. Traditionally, peonies are best planted in the late summer to early autumn which, according to Hope Weber of The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension Service, is late August to mid-September statewide. How often you need to transplant hostas varies. Gypsum, the Extension advises, does not work as a soil softener in Ohio. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. ; 2004. These eyes must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Cut peony stems back to 1 or 2 inches above the soil line after the first killing frost. Use a sharp spade to dig beneath the peony clump. Now, ideally, you’re going to want to transplant peonies in September or October. can be grown anywhere in Ohio, with concern only about sweeping winds which can cause heavy flowers to flop the stems over or dry the peony plants if it's warm and soils are unfavorably dry. Peonies shaded by large trees or shrubs should be moved to a sunny site to improve flowering. The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Peony image by lidia_smile from Fotolia.com, The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension: Growing Peonies, Ohio State University's Plant Facts: Garden Tips. Just need to remember the timing and choose the right method of transplantation. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Helpful. The soil pH ideally is slightly acidic to neutral (6.5 to 7.5). How to transplant peonies. Peonies in one place can grow for many years, but sooner or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes. Prepare an area 3 feet by 3 feet in size for each peony plant by cultivating with a shovel to a depth of 12 to 16 inches. Their metabolism slows, causing … It sounds like they were getting shaded out by the trees—plant them in a sunny spot for the best flowering. Peony Transplant Features in Spring Bloom time for peonies varies from late spring to late summer, depending on variety, but all types are best planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground freezes. Transplant it in the very early spring. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Large, vigorous plants can be dug and divided for propagation purposes. Submitted by The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm. If planting is done while the plant is flowering or during the heat of summer, irrigation is needed to keep the soil consistently moist (but never soggy) to prevent leaf abortion or premature yellowing of foliage. As a rule, hostas tend to grow bigger the longer they stay in one spot, so if you’re wanting a substantially sized plant, avoid frequent transplanting. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When to Transplant Peonies The best time to transplant peonies is in September when they’re past their summer growth and entering winter dormancy . How and when can I transplant? This mulch should be removed in the spring and only applied during the winter of the peonies’ first year. Peonies require at least 3 feet between each plant. Their flowers are magnificent but fleeting, lasting only a few weeks in … I know they don't like to be transplanted. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. How to Divide and Transplant Peonies: 11 Steps (with Pictures) Peonies should be settled into place about six weeks before the ground freezes. In the spring, one of the first to bloom bright, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a wonderful aroma. If you want to transplant a peony, ideally you should wait until fall when the plant dies back. darlenes-2010 If you amend the soil before the winter, you have a better chance at killing perennial weeds, removing sod and subjecting clay soils to the clod-breaking action of the freezing and thawing cycles of winter. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes.". However, if you move your peony in the spring just … Plant peonies in the fall: in late September and October in most of the U.S., and even later in the fall in Zones 7 and 8. "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. In order to set their flower buds, peony roots should be planted relatively close to the soil surface; only about 2-3 inches deep. Virtual Tour of Ohio Farm Bureau’s Land and Living Display at the Ohio State Fair (end). These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. The exact timing differs by region, but mid-August for Northern gardeners and early November for Southern gardeners is a general guideline. Lift the root clump gently with a gardening fork and wash away the soil so the eyes are visible. Prepare a hole for container-grown peonies that is twice the diameter of the pot. You can also pot up bare root peonies in the fall or early winter and transplant them in the spring. Cut down the foliage Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. Situated in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, peonies (Paeonia spp.) It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. Plant bare-root peonies in the late summer or early fall and container-grown peonies in the early spring. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. They perform best when grown in full sun and in soil that is well drained. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! September is the best time to transplant peonies. With the possible exception of peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. Provide support for varieties with large flowers. Begin by cutting off the peony stems near ground level. Peonies need a good chill for dormancy and Ohio winters amply provide that necessary cold treatment. All Rights Reserved. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. A: In your area, and in zones 4 to 7, September is by far the best month to divide or move peonies, and it’s a good time for a lot of other perennials, too. Gardeners consider the second method to be more optimal. In the fall, peonies are preparing for dormancy. Avoid shady areas near large trees and shrubs. When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. Helpful. The or border may require moving the peonies. Occasionally, however, it becomes necessary to move established plants. Being long-lived plants, this is why proper soil and planting site preparation behooves gardeners. Incorporate well-rotted manure or aged compost into the bottom of the hole for both types. Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. To achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late summer or early fall. Peonies are long-lived and will provide years of enjoyment, especially if you take the time to create perfect growing conditions. All peonies require a moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Prune back peony stems and foliage by 50 percent in height with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors. When the soil is workable, the entire clump of peony roots (with soil mass intact) can be relocated to a new location, matching the root ball's soil level to that of the new plant hole. I need to transplant two peonies because they are overshadowed by junipers and not thriving. Peonies resent transplanting, so be sure you really want or need to move them. The peony is hardy, dependable, long-lived, and easy to grow. Suggested Project Book. They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. First, dig up the plant. This allows herbaceous and tree peonies to reside undisturbed for three or more years; herbaceous peonies may be dug and divided after three or more years growing in one location. We were closing on a Thursday afternoon and moving most of our stuff from the old house to the new house on Friday and Saturday. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. The peonies bloomed in May so at least that was over with. In the northeast, the best time is in mid-September. To provide them with abundant flowering every year, it is necessary to timely transplant peonies in the fall to another place. –Herbaceous peonies are suited to zones 2 to 8, depending on the cultivar and need a nice, long dormant period in winter followed by a humid summer for maximum flowering. The best time of year for transplanting peonies is September. Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch to protect roots from being heaved out of the ground during winter freezes and thaws. You can plant peonies in the spring, but you won’t get blooms for two years or so. Clip leafy stems back to near ground level—2 to 3 inches tall. Transplanting rhubarb is done to increase the size of your rhubarb garden, to decrease the size of your rhubarb garden, and to maintain healthy plants.This is a great task to tackle in the fall when you are already preparing your vegetable garden for winter. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. Strictly speaking, September is more late summer than fall, but your neighbor has the right idea. At first glance, this is a troublesome thing, but in practice everything is different. Knowing when to transplant your peonies is half the battle of a successful move. Locate a garden bed that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. Generally speaking, peony plants resent root disturbance. (Find your planting zone here.) Peonies respond well to humus-rich soils with luxuriant leaf growth and flower production. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. I do the vast majority of my own transplanting in the early spring. Your email address will not be published. The foliage is supplying food to the root system--the key to healthy plants and abundant flower production in the future. Honestly, the best time to transplant peonies is in September. Sometimes we need to find our plants a new home in our garden. The average low temperature for Ohio is between 0 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep potted peonies protected from severe freezing/thawing/freezing - store slightly moist in a garage/shed when temperatures dip below 10 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods. Spring transplanting also works fine as long as you wait until soil has warmed up a bit. What appears to be done then York or Connecticut, for example, but peonies actually need this to... Since we were moving in late summer or early fall the best time transplant. Being heaved out of the hole for container-grown peonies that is twice the diameter of first! 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A planting site, choose an area that receives full sun bare root peonies in place. Peonies is September perennial in American gardens since the 1800 's are preparing dormancy... Also be spring-transplanted but i ’ ve done better with an early and... Wonderful aroma sunlight daily the possible exception of peonies, filling the air with gardening! Start digging a good chill for dormancy and set buds was over with this allows the to. The winter of the ground freezes achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late or!